Christopher Columbus’ landfall, The Bahamas’ first plantation, and Dixon Hill Lighthouse make this our most historic island.
Originally called Guanahani by the Lucayan Indians, the island was renamed San Salvador by Christopher Columbus, which means Holy Saviour. It’s actually the exposed peak of a submerged mountain that rises 15,000 feet from the ocean’s floor. It has one of the most unique-looking landscapes in The Bahamas. The land is full of undulating hills, beautiful beaches, numerous salt water lakes, and amazing reefs that surround the greater part of the island. Plus, there are a few substantial plantation ruins that are important reminders of the island's Loyalist past — Watling's Castle at Sandy Point and Fortune Hill Plantation at Fortune Hill. Just over 1,000 people call San Salvador home. They’re descendants of slaves brought to the island by British Loyalists. Today, these San Salvadorans provide visitors with tourism activities such as fishing, diving, sailing and guided tours.
Located in the middle of the island, this lake was designated a protected area to preserve its natural wonder. At 10 miles long and 2 miles wide, it stretches the length of the island and connects all of the major settlements.
Renowned for great diving, most of the island's dive sites are on its lee side, including ruins and shipwrecks; Devil's Claw and Vicky's Reef are home to stingrays and sharks; French Bay has unique Elkhorn and staghorn coral.
Formerly known as the Bahamian Field Station, this educational and research institution is located on an old US Navy base. The Centre has been studying the island's Archaeology, Biology, Geology, and Marine Science for over 30 years.
Christopher Columbus reportedly made his first landfall at Long Bay, San Salvador on October 12, 1492, during his historic voyage to the New World. A big stone cross now stands on the spot and it is the most photographed site on the island.