Inagua is the southernmost island in The Bahamas and actually consists of two separate islands, Great Inagua Island and Little Inagua Island. Both are known for their natural surroundings and act as great destinations for ecotourists. Great Inagua is the third largest island in The Bahamas, stretching 20 miles long and 55.19 miles wide, with the Inagua National Park covering 45% of the island. The Park is home to over 80,000 West Indian Flamingos, the Bahama parrot, and other pelicans, ducks and hummingbirds found nowhere else in The Bahamas. Little Inagua Island is a protected habitat for endangered sea turtles, and features a vast reef that prevents boaters and sailors from getting too close to its shores. Over 30 square miles of the island are uninhabited by locals.
It was reported in 1949 that several unique animal species had been found in Inagua—and not seen anywhere else—including a fast moving fresh water turtle, several breeds of duck, a hummingbird peculiar to Inagua, and a new genus of lizard.
The reserve encompasses 4,940 acres of an enclosed tidal creek on the northwest shore of Great Inagua. It serves as a captive research site for sea turtles, especially the Green Turtle, to protect the habitat where they lay their eggs.
National Bird of The Bahamas, West Indian Flamingos live in the Great Inagua National Park, comprising almost half the island. Wetland sites created during salt production have made this the largest nesting ground for those birds in the Western Hemisphere.
With over 140 species of birds, Inagua is a bird-watcher's paradise. Migrating, resident and endemic species include the rare Bahama Parrot, West Indian whistling duck, Kirtland's warbler, and a rare species of heron on Little Inagua.